What is a Commodity Option?

They also address one of the most overlooked aspects of trading—psychology—and examine how it can affect your ultimate success in this field. Historic volatility, technical analysis, the trend and all other significant factors should all be analyzed to increase your probability of profit. Some of the products we feature are from our partners. This is because as long as the option position is open the trader is short the commodity option , there is substantial risk exposure. TradeStation is a strong choice for seasoned tech-savvy futures traders.

Watching the financial news and reading a commodity newsletter for the latest trading tips will not provide a trader with the necessary skills to succeed in the commodities markets. Many commodity trading strategies employ technical analysis when it comes to entering and exiting risk positions in the futures and futures options markets.

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At times, options on futures prices become inflated or undervalued relative to theoretical models such as Black and Scholes. For example, during the "crash" of the value of put options exploded as traders scrambled to buy insurance for their stock portfolios or simply wanted to wager that the equity market would go down forever.

The increase in option premium was partly due to inflated volatility but increased demand for the instruments had a lot to do with it. Those that chose to purchase put options at inopportune times and at overvalued prices, likely didn't fair very well.

To reiterate, buying options in times of low volatility could prove to be advantageous should the volatility increase sharply. On the other hand, a lack of deviation in the price of the underlying asset will produce lower market volatility and even cheaper option premiums.

Once again, pricing is relative and dynamic; "cheap" doesn't mean that it can't get "cheaper". It has been suggested by several conducted studies, including one by the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, that far more options than not expire worthless. Using this assumption, we believe that in many circumstances it may be advantageous to be a net option seller in the.

For instance, it is possible to construct an option strategy in the futures markets that is affordable without sacrificing the odds of success This is easier than it sounds, similar to the way you would borrow money to pay for a house or a car, you can borrow money from the exchange to pay for long commodity option trades.

There are an unlimited number of combinations of self-financed trades but they are typically going to involve more short options than long options, or at least as much premium collected on the sold options than that paid for the longs.

In essence, the money brought in through the sale of the short options goes to pay for the futures options that are purchased. The result is a relatively close-to-the-money option with little out of pocket expense but theoretically unlimited risk beyond the strike price of the naked short options. Options on futures contracts are exactly what the name implies, they give traders "options".

They are capable of being used in nearly every commodity market scenario and with variable risk and reward profiles. Too many traders fail to tap the true potential and flexibility of option spreads due to their seemingly complex nature; however, things aren't always as they appear.

We strongly believe that you owe it to yourself to overcome your fear of trading commodity options and open your mind to the possibilities. Why Trade Commodity Options? What is a Commodity Option? Follow Carley Garner on Twitter. We believe buying futures options just because a market is extremely high or low, known as "fishing for options" is a big mistake. Refer to the guidelines on our "Trading Commandments" before purchasing any futures options.

Historic volatility, technical analysis, the trend and all other significant factors should all be analyzed to increase your probability of profit. All full-service accounts will receive these studies, opinions and recommendations upon request. Cannon Trading Company's "Trading Commandments" can be used as a guideline to assist you in the process and decision making of selecting the right market and futures options to purchase.

A common strategy we implement involves the writing and buying of futures options at the same time, known as bull call or bear put spreads. Ratio and calendar spreads are also used and are recommended at times. Please do not hesitate to call for help with any of these strategies or explanations.

Here are a few examples we use often: If coffee is trading at 84, we can buy 1 coffee call and write 2 calls with the same expiration dates and 30 days of time until expiration. This would be in anticipation of coffee trending higher, but not above in 30 days.

We'd be collecting the same amount of premium as we're buying, so even if coffee continued lower we'd lose nothing. Our highest profit would be attained at based on options on futures expiration.

To determine risk we'd take the difference between and , which is 35 points and divide it by two, because we sold two calls for every one purchased. You'd then add the Risk lies if coffee rises dramatically or settles over A typical calendar spread strategy we use often would be to write 1 option with about 25 days left until expiration and buy 1 with 60 days left. If coffee was trading at 84 and we thought prices might be heading slowly higher.

We can write 1 coffee call with less time and buy 1 coffee call with more time in the anticipation that the market will trend higher, but not above the strike before the first options on futures expiration. Some additional risk here lies in the difference between the two contract months. The objective is, if coffee trades higher over the next month but not above the strike price, we'd collect the premium of the option we sold by letting it expire worthless.

In addition, the option we purchased may also profit if coffee rises higher, but it may lose some value due to time decay if coffee doesn't rally enough. Some futures options trade based on different futures contract months and should always be considered in your trading.

Don't hesitate to call for help with any of these strategies or explanations. Remember, the key is still going to be picking the general market direction correct. Therefore, you must analyze and study each market situation with several different trading scenarios and determine which one best suits your risk parameters. The art of trading these strategies is deciding when, where, which futures markets, and what ranges to use. If you are an inexperienced options trader use these strategies through the broker assisted program.

The material contained in 'Futures Options Trading ' is of opinion only and does not guarantee any profit. These are risky markets and only risk capital should be used.

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For example, through the combination of long and short call and put options in the commodity markets, an investor can design a trading strategy that fits their needs and expectations; such an arrangement is referred to as an option spread. Knowing the fundamentals of a commodity, such as crop sizes and demand cycles, can be of great value when selling commodities options. In commodities, it is most often old fashioned supply and demand fundamentals that ultimately dictates price. May 12,  · Options trading can be more profitable if you know the right strategies and how to use them. more Commodities>> Top 4 options strategies for beginners.